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Dear students,

Games without frontiers is an advanced course in political science and military history, introducing the operating framework of intelligence organizations operation in Western democracies.

In addition to classic intelligence studies, will review aspects of Cyber security & Cyber intelligence.

Here is the sum of subjects we will review:

1. Basic concepts of national intelligence organizations

Understanding the difference between foreign and internal intelligence services.
Current and classic technological concepts of intelligence work.

Human intelligence in the age of cyber. 

Information and disinformation. "A view to a kill"- differences between operating intelligence service in popular fiction versus Reality.

Operating foreign intelligence services within the framework of democratic states.

2. Operating intelligence services in democracies, new democracies and autocracies 

          The legal framework in which foreign intelligence services are operating. 

          The question of subordination between the intelligence services and the political decision-makers, what actually is the chain of command?

           The relationships between political decision-makers (echelons) and the intelligence services, theoretical models versus practice.

3. Political oversighting models over the intelligence 

Existing political control models over intelligence services, are they adequate to the challenges of the present?

           Cyber sphere challenges, obstacle or opportunity, regarding intelligence services oversight?

Up to date approaches of civic control over foreign intelligence services.

The role of intelligence report to the political decision-makers within the intelligence cycle. Between personal and political ambiguity.

4. Cyber age and cyber intelligence

        What is cyber security? Introduction of: "Darknet", "social engineering" and “hacking” terminologies.

Introducing basic concepts of: Cyber Warfare, Military Use and Deterrence, Countermeasures and Counterattacks.

Reviewing some of the major methodologies and concepts guiding intelligence organizations. Focusing over political and ethical dilemmas, defining the framework of civic control and supervision over the intelligence services.

Examining the interaction between political decision-makers and intelligence services, in order to identify patterns of: decision making, and future possible models for cooperation between the states’ political elites and the intelligence professionals.

Course requirements and final mark

The course final mark will be consisted of:

1.  Participation in lectures (in case of missing more than two lectures, students cannot go to the final examination) – 15% of the course final mark.

2. Final paper 15 - 20 pages on one of the course subjects.
The final paper could be replaced by 15 minute presentation in front of he students -  50% of the course final mark.

3. Final variable examination - 35% of the course final mark.


Upcoming lecture reading list

For the upcoming lecture - 22.05.2017 :

 Controlling the intelligence Bulgarian Document 4

 For the upcoming lecture - 

25.5.2017 , please read
the article:

 Controlling the intelligence Bulgarian Document 5

 For the upcoming lecture - 28.05.2017 please read the article:

Controlling the intelligence Bulgarian Document 6

For the upcoming lecture - 31.05.2017, please read: pp 8 - 25

Controlling the intelligence Bulgarian Document 7

For the upcoming lecture - 1.06.2017 , please read: pp 56 - 72 

Intelligence Information and Policy Makers